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Cultural and Linguistic Support Programs

The unique historical relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States government is a special federal-Indian relationship. This federal-Indian relationship was shaped by the United States Constitution and treaties, and as living documents, the United States Constitution and treaties between tribal Nations is the foundation for the special federal “fiduciary” responsibility for the education of Native learners.

Under various pieces of federal legislation, the United States Congress has stipulated that its responsibility is to ensure that educational programs for all American Indian students and adults meet specific criteria. These programs should (a) focus on high-quality, internationally competitive content and performance standards and (b) reinforce the Indian culture and the Indian community.

Title IX – Indian Education Formula Grant Programs

The United States Department of Education, provides funding under the Improving America’s Schools Act, Title IX, Indian Education Act Public Law  - 103-382.

Title IX of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act is an entitlement program. It is not a state flow-through program, like Title I. Funds go directly to local schools to meet the unique academic and cultural needs of American Indian/Native students. Part A, Subpart I, of Title IX, provides for Indian Education formula grant awards to assist school districts, Indian tribes, and other eligible agencies.  These funds may be used to support local educational agencies in their efforts to reform elementary and secondary school programs that serve Indian students in order to ensure that programs are based on challenging State content standards and student performance standards. These standards are to be used for all students, and are designed to assist Indian students to meet those standards in reaching the National Education Goals.

In the 1999-2000 school year, there are 31 school districts that receive Title IX funding.

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North Dakota Department of Public Instruction
Kirsten Baesler, State Superintendent
600 E. Boulevard Avenue, Dept. 201
Bismarck, North Dakota 58505-0440
701/328-2260

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