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RTI Resources

Response To Intervention: Policy Considerations and Implementation [K-12]
Batsche, G., Elliot, J., Graden, J. L., Grimes, J., Kovaleski, J. F., Prasse, D., et al. (2005). Response to intervention: Policy considerations and implementation. Alexandria, VA: National Association of State Directors of Special Education.

Recently, federal law has generated a strong interest in response to intervention (RTI). This booklet provides a background and history of the development of the RTI model. It also contains useful information for administrators who are considering implementing RTI and those who would simply like to know more about what it means and how it can be used. While not intended to be a comprehensive implementation guide, the utility of this booklet lies in its broad survey of RTI, beginning with its support in the newest federal laws on identification of learning disabilities and continuing by addressing practical topics such as the principles and components of RTI and concluding with policy considerations and professional development.

The Prevention and Identification of Math Disabilities Using RtI [K-3]
This presentation, developed by researchers at the National Research Center on Learning Disabilities and given by Lynn Fuchs at the CEC conference in April 2006, provides on overview of a study in which RtI methods were implemented in first grade classrooms in six schools and focused on the improvement of math skills. This document is available at

Response to Intervention: A Case Illustration. [K-3]
Presented at the National Association of State Directors of Special Education Satellite Series in November 2005. This presentation, which identifies system, district, and building-level supports needed for RtI implementation, is available at and

Special Education Eligibility Standards From Iowa RtI [K-12]
This 45 page document includes extensive information on assessments, working with culturally and linguistically diverse students, and determining discrepancy.

Special Note: While this resource does address issues of special ed identification, it also provides some very valuable information in other areas: (1) appropriate information on instructional integrity, (2) content on instructional need and progress monitoring, and (3) good model of how instruction can be addressed within a policy context.

It is available at

Technical Assistance Paper – The Response To Intervention (RtI) Model [K-12]
This technical assistance paper, from the Florida Bureau of Exceptional Education and Student Services, delineates the purpose for RTI, explains how it should be implemented in different content areas, and discusses the use of RTI in determining eligibility for special education services. Available at .






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North Dakota Department of Public Instruction
Kirsten Baesler, State Superintendent
600 E. Boulevard Avenue, Dept. 201
Bismarck, North Dakota 58505-0440

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